Periodontal disease is a major problem many Americans are facing. Also known as gum disease, periodontal disease is one of the most damaging problems that can affect a person’s oral health because the damage it causes is often irreversible. The best way to fight periodontal disease is with the help of our expert in periodontal treatment.
The problem is most commonly caused by poor dental hygiene or tooth decay. When oral hygiene is not properly and regularly performed, the gums can become inflamed. This is called gingivitis and is noticeable if your gums bleed during normal brushing. Tartar, a dark hard substance, is often seen around the gumline or below it. Tartar is impossible to remove with brushing and flossing alone, requiring a professional cleaning to do so. Scaling and root planing is a performed during periodontal treatment and this will remove all the tartar from areas too tight to reach with a toothbrush.
Scaling and root planing works great in treating early stages of periodontal disease but later stages will require more extensive procedures including surgery. When gingivitis reaches the advanced stage known as periodontitis, the gums will begin to pull away from the teeth, causing them to become loose and possibly fall out. A surgical procedure designed to restore the gums is known as gum grafting. A gum graft uses gum tissue donated from another area of the patient’s mouth, or cultured in a lab, and is surgically placed by our expert in periodontal treatment in order to regrow the gums. This procedure is usually only reserved for the most serious cases of the disease.
When teeth are lost due to periodontal disease, dental implants offer the best replacement solution. The rest of the bacteria will need to be removed first to allow the implants to heal properly. Dental implants are titanium dental appliances that are placed into the jawbone to perform the role of the tooth root. Dental implants allow for the replacement dental appliance to be attached in the healthiest, most natural way possible.
Regular dental exams are the best way for us to diagnose periodontal disease before it advances to the most damaging stages. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.